Germany: An Imperialistic Nation

In the late 1800s, as more countries started industrializing, the ideas of imperialismalso started to spread. Many factors contributed to Germany's desire to take over other colonies. Germany had strong nationalistic feelings. Germans wanted to conquer other nations so they could spread their ideas of Christianity and other beliefs of German culture. During the Industrial Revolution, Germany wanted to take over lands to obtain natural resources which was necessary for industrialization to occur. In order for Germany to succesfully industrialize, they also needed more workers, which they could get from conquering the people of other lands. In 1883, Germany finally joined the "scramble for Africa" and competed with the rest of the world for colonial territory. Although Germany was the last major country to become involved in the fight for new lands, it quickly gained four territories in Africa with the help of her powerful army. The four colonies and their characteristics are shown in the chart below.


**Togo**
**Cameroon**

**German EastAfrica**
**German Southwest Africa**

Date Colony was
Conquered


July 5th, 1884


July 12th, 1884


February 27th, 1885


April 24th, 1884

Present Day Name


Togo


Cameroon

Parts of Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania (formerly known as Tanganyika)

Namibia




Geography

*Two savannah plains, separated by hills in central Togo
*The chain of hills that run southwest to northeast in central Togo is called the Chaine du Togo.
*Central lagoons and marshes
*Low and sandy coastline
*Climate: Tropical, rainy weather with humid and hot temperatures
*Temperature ranges from 75 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit depending upon location.

*Very diverse geography
*Mountains in west, plains in north, and plateaus in center
*The highest elevation is Mount Cameroon (13,255 ft.), which is located near the coast.

*Important water sources are the rivers Benue, Nyong, and Sanaga.

* Climate: Tropical along coast and very hot and humid
*Highlands in the north and south, plains on the coast, and plateaus in central German East Africa
*Borders the Indian Ocean
*The highest elevation is at Mt. Kilimanjaro (19, 341 feet)
*A major water source is Lake Tanganyika, located on the western border.
*Climate: Tropical along the coast and temperate weather in the highlands


*Borders the South Atlantic Ocean
*Consists mostly of high plateaus
*The highest elevation is at Brandberg Mountain, which is located near the coast. The peak of the mountain is named Konigstein, which is 8,549 feet above sea level.
*The Namib Desert is along the eastern coast.
*The Kalahari Desert is in the east.
*Climate: Desert-like conditions; hot and dry weather with little rainfall

Culture

(before Germany invaded)

*Diverse African tribal cultures
*Animistic religion (the belief that nature has a soul and should be worshipped)


*Diverse African tribal cultures
*Animistic religion (the belief that nature has a soul and should be worshipped)


*Strong Arabic and Islamic influences near the coastal land
*Islamic religion and language


*Very diverse African cultures and languages
*Animistic religion (the belief that nature has a soul and should be worshipped)



Natural Resources


*limestone
*phostphate
*marble

*petroleum
*iron ore*lumber

*iron ore
*coal
*diamonds
*gold
*natural gas
*phosphate

*iron ore
*coal
*diamonds
*gold
*natural gas
*tin
*lead
*copper

Agricultural and/or
Manufactured Goods

*coffee
*cocoa
*cotton
*corn
*rice
*fish

*coffee
*cocoa
*cotton
*bananas
*grains
*livestock

*coffee
*cotton
*peanuts
*sesame
*sisal
*rubber

*fish
*livestock

MAP.gif
European Imperialism in Africa in the late 1800s

Images from GoogleImages.com